14 JanOperating areas.

The warnings came a year-and-a-half after Cosmetic surgeon General Luther Terry announced the findings of a groundbreaking study: It’s the judgment of the Committee that using tobacco contributes substantially to mortality from specific specific diseases and to the overall death count. Outrageous vintage cigarette advertisements Advertisements touting the health and medicinal benefits of tobacco items, featuring reassuring doctors, pretty babies, and cartoon individuals The warning labels had been a warning shot over the bow for an industry that for years got entrenched itself in both our national economy and popular culture.Morillo, M.D., Wilhelm Haverkamp, M.D., Ph.D., Rukshen Weerasooriya, M.D., Jean-Paul Albenque, M.D., Stefano Nardi, M.D., Endrj Menardi, M.D., Paul Novak, M.D., and Prashanthan Sanders, M.B., B.S., Ph.D. For the STAR AF II Investigators: Approaches to Catheter Ablation for Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Percutaneous catheter ablation is an efficient treatment for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation,1-3 particularly in cases which are refractory to antiarrhythmic medications.4-6 Most triggers for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation result from the pulmonary veins, so ablation involves creating circumferential lesions around the veins to electrically isolate them from the rest of the left atrium.7 Catheter ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation is more difficult and is connected with less favorable outcomes.8,9 To boost outcomes, ablation targeting the substrate that maintains fibrillation is often added to pulmonary-vein isolation.7,14 Data from randomized trials comparing methods of ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation are small.7 Whether even more extensive ablation enhances outcomes is unclear.